The aspect of morality in the theology of various religions

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The aspect of morality in the theology of various religions

A recent study we conducted, led by psychologist Will Gervaisfound widespread and extreme moral prejudice against atheists around the world. Across all continents, people assumed that those who committed immoral acts, even extreme ones such as serial murder, were more likely to be atheists.

Although this was the first demonstration of such bias at a global scale, its existence is hardly surprising. Survey data show that Americans are less trusting of atheists than of any other social group.

Theoretical Assumptions of Western Ethical Theory

For most politicians, going to church is often the best way to garner votes, and coming out as an unbeliever could well be political suicide. After all, there are no open atheists in the U. So, where does such extreme prejudice come from?

The aspect of morality in the theology of various religions

And what is the actual evidence on the relationship between religion and morality? How does religion relate to morality? Many, therefore, might assume that religious commitment is a sign of virtue, or even that morality cannot exist without religion.

Both of these assumptions, however, are problematic. Are ethical ideals of one religion limited to group members? For instance, in the 19th century, Mormons considered polygamy a moral imperative, while Catholics saw it as a mortal sin. Moreover, religious ideals of moral behavior are often limited to group members and might even be accompanied by outright hatred against other groups.

These examples also reveal that religious morality can and does change with the ebb and flow of the surrounding culture. In recent years, several Anglican churches have revised their moral views to allow contraceptionthe ordination of women and the blessing of same-sex unions.

Discrepancy between beliefs and behavior In any case, religiosity is only loosely related to theology. That is, the beliefs and behaviors of religious people are not always in accordance with official religious doctrines.

Instead, popular religiosity tends to be much more practical and intuitive. Similarly, the Catholic Church vehemently opposes birth control, but the vast majority of Catholics practice it anyway. In fact, theological incorrectness is the norm rather than the exception among believers.

After all, communism is an egalitarian ideology, but communists do not behave any less selfishly. So, what is the actual evidence on the relationship between religion and morality? Do people practice what they preach? Social scientific research on the topic offers some intriguing results.

When researchers ask people to report on their own behaviors and attitudes, religious individuals claim to be more altruistic, compassionate, honest, civic and charitable than nonreligious ones.

Even among twinsmore religious siblings describe themselves as being more generous. But when we look at actual behavior, these differences are nowhere to be found.

Researchers have now looked at multiple aspects of moral conduct, from charitable giving and cheating on exams to helping strangers in need and cooperating with anonymous others.

They found that religiosity played no role in helping behavior, even when participants were on their way to deliver a talk on the parable of the good Samaritan.

This finding has now been confirmed in numerous laboratory and field studies. Overall, the results are clear: No matter how we define morality, religious people do not behave more morally than atheists, although they often say and likely believe that they do.MORALITY AND RELIGION.

MORALITY AND the minds of many people, the terms morality and religion signal two related but distinct ideas.

Morality is thought to pertain to the conduct of human affairs and relations between persons, while religion primarily involves the relationship between human beings and a transcendent reality. This is done within an ecumenical and global context, examining other world religions and various social realities.

Subsequent courses focus more on specific aspects of Christian or other religious traditions and address the important social and moral . Thus, even though theology and ethics keep a different identity, they are interwoven where they correct each other.

31 The commandments of God are moral revelation, and thus ethics is derived from our theology as we study about the revelation of God, at the same time this study of „right‟ and „wrong‟ (Ethics) therefore become a tool to. In many religions, one of the main beliefs is that there is a "deity" (or god) who is a great creator spirit.

In many religions, there is just one deity that the people believe in. In other religions, there are many deities who each have different roles in the many religions, there are other types of spirits. Moral theology: Moral theology, Christian theological discipline concerned with identifying and elucidating the principles that determine the quality of human behaviour in the light of Christian revelation.

It is distinguished from the philosophical discipline of ethics, which relies upon the authority of reason. Roman Catholic moral theology or Christian ethics developed into a scientific discipline earlier than in Eastern Orthodoxy. In the thirteenth century, systematic and scientific theology appeared with the work of the great Scholastic theologians, especially Thomas Aquinas.

But the ecumenical aspect of Christian ethics has also increased.

Relationship Between World View and Religion