It is one of the oldest stock exchanges in Asia, having been in continuous operation since the establishment of the Manila Stock Exchangein The PSEi measures the relative changes in the free float-adjusted market capitalization of the 30 largest and most active common stocks listed at the PSE. The selection of companies in the PSEi is based on a specific set of public float, liquidity and market capitalization criteria.
July 4, This is the "official" end of the war, as proclaimed by U. Fighting continued on several islands for years to come.
The Moro Wars ?
The basic causes of the Philippine-American War can be found in the U. In other words, this war was a clash between the forces of imperialism and nationalism. After centuries as a Spanish colony, a revolution led in part by Emilio Aguinaldo broke out in in the Philippine Islands.
After fighting a savage guerilla war for two and a half years, the Filipinos suddenly found themselves in a seemingly advantageous position as allies of the United States.
InSpain fought a losing war with the United States in which her colonies of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam were overrun with relative ease by the U.
Army and her Atlantic Fleet devastated outside of Santiago, Cuba. Similarly, Spain's Pacific Fleet was wiped out in the Battle of Manila Bay, and American troops landed on the outskirts of the capitol city.
Following the surrender of the Spanish colonial government in the Philippines to American military forces in August, tensions developed between U. The American government decided to keep the Philippines as a colony, thereby denying independence to the Filipino people. Aguinaldo and his army of nearly 80, veteran troops realized that their "allies" in the Spanish War would soon become foes.
American forces held the capitol of Manila, while Aguinaldo's army occupied a trench-line surrounding the city. On the evening of February 4,Private William Grayson of the Nebraska Volunteers fired the first shot in what would turn out to be a very bloody war.
Grayson shot at a group of Filipinos approaching his position, provoking an armed response. Shooting soon spread up and down the ten-mile U.
Upon the outbreak of hostilities, U. Within days, American forces spread outward from Manila, using superior firepower, mobile artillery and command of the sea to full effect. By November ofAguinaldo and his forces had been pushed further and further into central Luzon the main Philippine island and he realized he could not fight the Americans with conventional military units.
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At this point, he ordered his followers to turn to guerilla tactics to combat the American army. From this point on, the war became a savage, no-holds-barred guerilla conflict made up of ambushes, massacres and retribution.
Both sides engaged in wanton violence and slaughter. Villages were destroyed, civilians murdered, prisoners tortured and mutilated along with a host of other atrocities. Many American officers and non-coms had served in the Indian Wars, and thus applied the old belief that "the only good Indian was a dead Indian" to their relations with the Filipinos.
This attitude of course was reciprocated by the native forces. Emilio Aguinaldo was captured in March,and organized opposition from his followers soon faded.
Despite the official end to hostilities proclaimed on July 4,individual tribes in Luzon and the Muslim Moros of the southern islands launched further uprisings for another decade or so. Something new and historical: Want to learn how to drive a tank? Check out these tank driving experiences.
Independence for the Philippines was delayed until The United States acquired an overseas colony which served as a base for U.Global Information Technology Report The Global Information Technology Report features the latest results of the NRI, offering an overview of the current state of ICT readiness in the world.
The province had organized its ComNet through the auspices of the Philippine Information Agency (PIA) aimed at establishing an advocacy arm of government, at the same time, opens feed-in feed-back mechanism on programs and projects.
Philippine Airlines (IATA: PR / ICAO: PAL) is an airline based in Manila, Philippines founded in currently operating a fleet of 67 aircraft. The Philippine Stock Exchange was formed from the country's two former stock exchanges, the Manila Stock Exchange (MSE), established on August 8, , and the Makati Stock Exchange (MkSE), which was established on May 27, The different Constitutions of the Philippines are provided in some history books such as Gregorio F.
Zaide’s Philippine Constitutional History and Constitutions of Modern Nations Philippine Digest - Case Index; Republic of the Philippines Digest; Philippine Legal Information . Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints is an internationally refereed journal that publishes scholarly articles and other materials on the history of the Philippines and its peoples, both in the homeland and overseas.
It believes the past is illuminated by historians as well as scholars from other disciplines; at the same time, it prefers ethnographic approaches to the.