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Medieval football All modern forms of football have roots in the "folk football" of pre-industrial English society. It was essentially a public holiday event with Shrove Tuesday in particular a traditional day for games across the country. It is generally thought that the games were "free-for-alls" with no holds barred and extremely violent.
As for kicking and handling of the ball, it is certain that both means of moving the ball towards the goals were in use.
The FIFA history says "there was scarcely any progress at all in the development of football for hundreds of years but, although it was persistently forbidden, it was never completely suppressed". Originally written in Norman French, a translation of the decree includes: It imposed a ban on the levying of money for "foteball".
The following year, Henry IV imposed fines of 20 shillings on certain mayors and bailiffs who had allowed football and other "misdemeanours" to occur in their towns. This is the earliest documentary evidence of football being played throughout England.
He insisted that the game had "a positive educational value as it promoted health and strength". He suggested that it would improve if there were a limited number of participants per team and a referee in full control of proceedings.
Infor instance, it was banned in Manchester because of broken windows. The Puritans objected to it for a different reason. In their view, it was a "frivolous amusement", as were the theatre and several other sports.
The big issue in the Puritan mindset was "violation of the Sabbath" and, once in power, they were able to impose a ban on Sunday entertainment which, in the case of sport, still prevailed for years after the Restoration.
Folk football was still played on weekdays, though, especially on holidays. It continued to be disorganised and violent.
A letter from a certain Dr Bentley to the Bishop of Ely on the subject of university statutes includes a complaint about students being "perfectly at Liberty to be absent from Grace", in order to play football referred to as "Foot-Ball" or cricket, and not being punished for their conduct as prescribed in the statutes.
In the meantime, folk football continued to be played according to local rules and customs. It was essentially a game for large numbers played over wide distances with goals that were as much as three miles apart, as at Ashbourne. At Whitehaventhe goals were a harbour wall and a wall outside the town.
Matches in Derby involved about a thousand players. Generally, the ball could be kicked, thrown or carried but it is believed there were some places at which only kicking was allowed.
Whatever rules may have been agreed beforehand, there is no doubt at all that folk football was extremely violent, even when relatively well organised.
Change was brought about by industrialisation and the growth of towns as people moved away from the country. The very idea of a game taking several hours over huge areas ran counter to "the discipline, order and organisation necessary for urban capitalism".
As the 19th century began, football became increasingly significant in the public schools because it was well suited to the ideals of the " Muscular Christianity " cult. It was, like cricket, perceived to be a "character-building" sport.
The policy was in response to widespread belief that past empires had fallen because the ruling class became soft. It became something of an obsession, along with cold showers and punishing cross-country runs cricket supposedly taught them how to be gentlemen. Albert Pella former Rugby pupil who went to Cambridge University inbegan organising football matches there but, because of the different school variations, a compromise set of rules had to be found.
The first known 11—a—side games took place at Eton where the "dribbling game" was popular.
The written version of Rugby School Football Rules in allowed the ball to be carried and passed by hand. The Rugby rules are the earliest that are definitely known to have been written and were a major step in the evolution of Rugby League and Rugby Union.The best opinions, comments and analysis from The Telegraph.
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The Dick, Kerr Ladies squad and women’s football as a whole in England pre provide an example of a time where football fans actually preferred the women’s game to the men’s game.
This story shows that women’s soccer thrived decades ago before being dealt a lethal blow to the sport, to no fault of the players, coaches, and teams. With women's football in Scotland seemingly more widespread than in England, a team of English women travelled to Edinburgh in May to play a short series of games against a representative Scottish side led by Helen Graham Matthews, who would end up being a pioneer for women's football south of the border.
The development of football in England can be seen as far back in history as the medieval times, with medieval mob football in the 12th century (Wigglesworth, ). The Hollywood Reporter is your source for breaking news about Hollywood and entertainment, including movies, TV, reviews and industry blogs.