Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Theatre of the 20th century and beyond The achievements of realism at the end of the 19th century continued to resonate through the turn of the 21st century, but the most influential innovations in early 20th-century theatre came from a vigorous reaction against realism. Inspiration was sought in machines and technology, Asian theatre, Symbolism, nihilismthe psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freudand the shock of a world war that spawned widespread disillusionment and alienation.
Stretching southward from Manchuria and Siberia for close to miles kilometersit extends down to the Korea Strait. China lies to Korea's west, separated from the peninsula by the Yellow Sea.
Japan lies to its east on the other side of the Sea of Japan. Western societies have traditionally viewed the Korean peninsula as a remote region of the world. They have often referred to it as "The Hermit Kingdom" because it remained isolated from the western world until the nineteenth century.
Yet it actually holds a central position on the globe, neighboring three major world powers—the former Soviet Union, China, and Japan. At the end of World War II inthe United States and the Soviet Union divided the peninsula along the 38th Parallel into two zones of occupation—a Soviet controlled region in the north and an American controlled one in the south.
North Korea is run by a Communist government, with Pyongyang as its capital city. South Korea's government is an emergent democracy, and Seoul—Korea's largest city—is its capital.
An estimated 67 million people live on the Korean peninsula, with a population of approximately Together they are racially and linguistically homogeneous. They are the ethnic descendants of a Tungusic branch of the Ural-Altaic family.
Accordingly, the Korean people have found it necessary to defend fiercely their identity as a separate culture. Tungusic tribes from the Altai mountain region in central Asia made the peninsula their home during the Neolithic period around B. These tribes brought with them primitive religious and cultural practices, such as the east Asian religion of shamanism.
By the fourth century B. The most advanced of these, Old Choson, was located in the basin of the Liao and Taedong rivers, where Pyongyang is situated today. China invaded Choson in the third century B. Historians commonly refer to the first period of recorded Korean history 53 B.
These kingdoms were Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla. Toward the end of the seventh century A. Silla conquered Koguryo and Paekche and united the peninsula under the Silla dynasty. This period saw many advancements in literature, art, and science.
Buddhism, which had reached Korea by way of China, was practiced by virtually all of Silla society. By the mid-eighth century the Silla people began using woodblock printing to reproduce sutras and Confucian writings. Inthe three kingdoms divided again.
Within 36 years the Koguryo kingdom took control and its leader, General Wang Kon, established the Koryo dynasty. The word Korea comes from this dynastic name.
During Koryo's year reign, artistic, scientific, and literary achievements advanced further. Improving upon earlier Chinese printing methods, Korea became the first country in the world to use movable cast metal type in Medical knowledge also developed during the thirteenth century.
Evolving out of local Korean folk remedies and Chinese practices, Korean medical science was recorded in books such as Emergency Remedies of Folk Medicine and Folk Remedies of Samhwaja. Mongolian forces invaded Koryo in and occupied the kingdom until The Chinese Ming dynasty forced the Mongols back to the far north.
This struggle eventually led to the fall of Koryo inwhen General Yi Song-Gye revolted against the king and founded the Yi dynasty. In control until the early twentieth century, it proved to be Korea's longest reigning dynasty and one of the most enduring regimes in history.
The increasingly militant Buddhist state of the former Koryo dynasty yielded to the thinking of the new Choson kingdom, which was ruled by civilians who devotedly followed Confucian principles. Confucianism is not a religion but a philosophy of life and ethics that stresses an individual's sense of duty to family members and society as a whole.
The Yi regime emphasized hierarchical relationships, with highest respect given to family elders, the monarch, and China as the older, more established country.
The Yi dynasty remained peaceful untilwhen Japan invaded the peninsula. Chinese soldiers helped Korea seize control over its land from the Japanese armies. Japan attacked again inbut Korea was able to force its withdrawal by the end of the year.Philippine literature in English has its roots in the efforts of the United States, Among the significant publications of this fertile period were: Filipino Poetry () by Rodolfo Dato; English-German Anthology of Filipino Poets () "Philippine Literature during the American Period" Retrieved August 26, Enriquez, Amee R.
Old English literature, or Anglo-Saxon literature, encompasses the surviving literature written in Old English in Anglo-Saxon England, in the period after the settlement of the Saxons and other Germanic tribes in England (Jutes and the Angles) c.
, after the withdrawal of the Romans, and "ending soon after the Norman Conquest" in These works include genres such as epic poetry.
Philippine literature in English has its roots in the efforts of the United States, Among the significant publications of this fertile period were: Filipino Poetry () by Rodolfo Dato; English-German Anthology of Filipino Poets () "Philippine Literature during the American Period" Retrieved August 26, Enriquez, Amee R. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Chapter 6 The Japanese Period () A. FILIPINO POETRY DURING THIS PERIOD The common theme of most poems during the Japanese occupation was nationalism, country, love, and life in the barrios, faith, religion and the arts. PowerPoint Presentation: Three types of poems emerged during this period. They were: 1.
The Japanese Period () Philippine Literature Historical Background • Philippine Literature was interrupted in its development when Japan conquered Philippines • Philippine literature in English came to a halt/5(10).
The words to the state song, 'Alaska's Flag,' were written by MARIE DRAKE (), a longtime employee of the Alaska Department of Education, and first appeared as a poem in Pioneer Portuguese Families of the Sacramento Area.
MANUEL da ROZA GARCIA (Gracia) was born in in Pico and came to America with his brother Joe as a young man.
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano () – 32nd President of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt was the only president to be re-elected four srmvision.com known as ‘FDR’, he brought his country out of the Great Depression, guided them through World War II but, by early , he was a very sick man.