Cynics, as is their wont, quickly pointed out how much easier it was for Mrs Atherton at forty-seven, the widow of a wealthy and socially prominent San Francisco landowner, to preach such austere integrity than it was for young writers like Upton Sinclair and Jack London, who had to support themselves by their writing. But Mrs Atherton had a splendid case to make, and her analysis of American culture at the turn of the century echoed by Martin Eden: In her opinion, the magazines of the day rejected originality in the subject-matter of the stories they printed, and wanted only acceptable subjects treated in conventional ways. They allowed only a censored view of human nature which, among other things, excluded adult sexuality.
Publication history[ edit ] Chicago meat inspectors in early Sinclair published the book in serial form between February 25, and November 4, in Appeal to Reasonthe socialist newspaper that had supported Sinclair's undercover investigation the previous year.
This investigation had inspired Sinclair to write the novel, but his efforts to publish the series as a book met with resistance.
An employee at Macmillan wrote, I advise without hesitation and unreservedly against the publication of this book which is gloom and horror unrelieved. One feels that what is at the bottom of his fierceness is not nearly so much desire to help the poor as hatred of the rich.
The foreword and introduction say that the commercial editions were censored to make their political message acceptable to capitalist publishers.
Sinclair admitted his celebrity arose "not because the public cared anything about the workers, but simply because the public did not want to eat tubercular beef". The last section, concerning a socialist rally Rudkus attended, was later disavowed by Sinclair. But his description of the meatpacking contamination captured readers' attention.
The poor working conditions, and exploitation of children and women along with men, were taken to expose the corruption in meat packing factories. The British politician Winston Churchill praised the book in a review. He is hysterical, unbalanced, and untruthful.
Three-fourths of the things he said were absolute falsehoods. For some of the remainder there was only a basis of truth. The president wrote "radical action must be taken to do away with the efforts of arrogant and selfish greed on the part of the capitalist.
Neill and social worker James Bronson Reynolds to go to Chicago to investigate some meat packing facilities.
Learning about the visit, owners had their workers thoroughly clean the factories prior to the inspection, but Neill and Reynolds were still revolted by the conditions. Their oral report to Roosevelt supported much of what Sinclair portrayed in the novel, excepting the claim of workers falling into rendering vats.
His administration submitted it directly to Congress on June 4, Sinclair rejected the legislation, which he considered an unjustified boon to large meat packers.The Role of Upton Sinclair The Jungle in the early 20th Century.
Exposing Faults in Chicago’s Meatpacking plants. analysis of The Jungle selections with their classmates in the lesson’s introduction.
Print and Photographs Online Catalog “Chicago - Meat Packing Industry: dressing beef, removing hides and splitting. Largest of all was the meat-packing industry in Chicago. It spread through acres of stockyards, feed lots, slaughterhouses, and meat-processing plants.
Together with the nearby housing area where the workers lived, this part of Chicago was known as Packingtown. Use our free chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis of The Jungle.
It helps middle and high school students understand Upton Sinclair's literary masterpiece. an exposé of the meatpacking industry, And it's this terrible quality of life that The Jungle sets out to document.
Chicago becomes a useful backdrop to Sinclair's story of a. The Jungle, Upton Sinclair - Essay Upton Sinclair where he observed the living and working conditions of the meat-packing industry and talked intimately with workers. Analysis of The. Sandburg was unknown until when he published his book Chicago Poems and later an analysis of the Chicago race riots.
This famous piece was a report on the dirty conditions of the Chicago meat packing industry and eventually led to the implementation of the Pure Food and Drug Act in Upton Sinclair and the Chicago Meat-packing Industry In , there were over million people living in Chicago, the country's second largest city.
Of those million, nearly 30% were immigrants.